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The Existence of God

What is theology, and why should we study it? Theology is the study of God, and as we learn more about His person and works we come to know God more, are able to grow closer to Him. Below you will find the lesson handout used in our recent Sunday School class, and you can download the PDF file to view the slideshow of the lesson.

Theology: The Study of God; (based on Charles F. Baker, “A Dispensational Theology,” chapter 15-17 p.108-133) 9/11/16

False Beliefs about God

1. According to Romans 1:18-23, does humanity have any excuse for denying God?

2. Sin blinds us to the truth of God, leading to many incorrect views:

Polytheism: the belief in m_______________ gods

  • The pagans believed in regional gods, numerous idols, i.e. Greek mythology…
  • Israel to worship the one true God: Deuteronomy 6:4-5

Pantheism: the belief that e_________________ is god

  • Seneca: “What is God? …He is all that you see and all that you don’t see.”
  • Scripture teaches God is near but also above creation (Isaiah 40:22; 66:1)

Deism: belief in an i_______________ God who created the universe and left

  • Like a watchmaker who wound up the gears and let it go on by itself
  • The Bible tells us God is actively involved in our lives. (Psalm 139:7; 73:28)

A_______________ – denial that there is a god

  • If there is no God, we become our own god, and are accountable to no one.
  • Scripture tells us that it is foolish to deny God in light of the evidence (Ps. 14:1-2)

Agnosticism – belief there is no way to know whether or not God is r____________

  • In essence, they live like atheists
  • God has made Himself known, if we are willing to open our eyes (Rom. 1:19)

Arguments for the Existence of God

A.) The Cosmological Argument – everything in the universe has a c_________________

  • “Comos” means world
  • How did the world come into existence? God is the creator of all things.
  • Evolution and the Big Bang cannot explain how the first speck of dust got here
  • If everything has a cause, God must be the uncaused cause (Gen. 1:1)

B.) Teleological Argument – there is evidence of order and h_____________ all around us

  • Where there is order and design, there must be intelligence behind it
  • An intelligent being must have purposefully designed the universe (Gen. 1:31)
  • Examples of order and design:
    • the earth is just the right distance from the sun to support life
    • the moon’s location creates proper ocean tides
    • the tilt of the earth causes the four seasons
    • What are the odds of all these factors, and more, lining up just right?

C.) The Anthropological Argument – Human beings are m____________ and spiritual

  • We are not like the animals that inhabit this planet, we are unique and special
  • Made in the image of God we have intellect, will, conscience, and an inherent sense of right and wrong (Gen. 1:26-27)

D.) Ontological Argument – the concept of God is u_____________________

  • People everywhere have a basic awareness of God, because He placed it within us
  • Our limited minds could not comprehend an infinite God unless He were real
  • Anselm (1033-1109) “The fool may say in his heart, there is no God, but he only proves thereby that he is a fool, for what he says is self-contradictory. Since he denies that there is a God, he has in his mind the idea of God, and that idea implies the existence of God…”
  1. What do you think of these philosophical arguments? Do you think reason alone is enough to convince unbelievers, bringing them to faith in Christ? (1 Cor. 1:21; 2:4-5)
  1. If there is so much evidence, and if it makes perfect sense to believe in God, why are human beings so resistant to embracing the truth (2 Cor. 4:4)? What can we do?


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