James may very well be one of the earliest books of the NT to be written. It is addressed to “…to the twelve tribes scattered among the nations.” These Jewish Christians may have been among the group that fled Jerusalem in the wake of persecution that followed the stoning of Stephen (Acts 8:1). The letter is intensely practical. James speaks of wisdom, and the book has similar characteristics to the wisdom literature of the OT. He is concerned with living out the Christian faith. If a person claims to have faith, but there is no evidence in their actions, James poses the tough question of whether or not that faith is real. He deals with a variety of subjects, including: partiality, speech, pride, and worldliness.